New infrastructure: 5G alone will bring 3 million new jobs

New infrastructure: 5G alone will bring 3 million new jobs
In the evening of May 25th, Sauna Night held a video cloud forum on “New Infrastructure for the 2020 Two Sessions Economic Policy”, inviting experts from relevant developers to be guests of Sauna Night.Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, well-known communication expert Wu Hequan, National People’s Congress representative, President of China Information and Communication Research Institute Liu Duo, Vice President of Huawei, President of Huawei Cloud Business Zheng Yelai, member of National Committee of CPPCC, General Manager of China Unicom Product Center Zhang Yunyong, China MobileHuang Yuhong, deputy dean of the research institute, offered suggestions for the new infrastructure.Wu Hequan believes that the new infrastructure will promote consumption and benefit people’s livelihood.The new infrastructure will be applied in the fields of online education, travel to the cloud, e-commerce experience, food traceability, smart healthcare, smart transportation, smart security, and ecological governance.From 2020 to 2025, China will create 3 million new jobs due to 5G.Wu Hequan’s information consumption scale will exceed 800 billion academicians of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, a well-known communications expert Wu Hequan said that the new infrastructure as a service, taking information consumption as an example, information consumption is scattered in four aspects, three of which are services, including life services, industryServices and public services, from 2020 to 2035, for China, the scale of information consumption brought by these types of services has reached 3.9 trillion.The other type of information consumption is a certain type of information terminal that is directly purchased by consumers.3 trillion, which together add up to drive information consumption8.2 trillion yuan.”New infrastructure can create new jobs and expand job opportunities.”For example, the China Institute of Information Technology predicts that China will add 3 million new jobs due to 5G from 2020 to 2025.”Gartner’s 2017 report shows that AI affects employment positions, accumulating a net increase of 2 million positions by 2025.”Wu Hequan said.He believes that the new infrastructure will promote the role of stimulating social investment and coping with the downward pressure on the economy, but more important is to build a foundation for long-term and long-term development, bear the stimulus of new consumer demand, promote technological innovation, help industrial transformation and upgrading, and cultivate future industriesMissions such as improving people’s livelihood services and expanding employment opportunities.”The new infrastructure is both a potential and a challenge for development. In the face of an international change that has not been seen in a century, we must accurately grasp the direction of technological development and market demand, let investment continue to play a role, and truly enhance the role of national strength.Wu Hequan said that the new generation of information infrastructure represented by 5G is the first choice and pillar of the new infrastructure. 5G and other technologies still need to be continuously improved in the new infrastructure.Liu Duo: 5G national investment will reach 1.2 trillion Dean Liu Duo of the China Information and Communications Research Institute said that according to the China Institute of Information Technology ‘s calculation of the new generation of information technology and related integration areas, the capital expenditures of the three major operators on 5G will reach 180 billion in 2020, forecast dataThe investment of the center will exceed 300 billion yuan; only the above-scale network transformation of the Industrial Internet Industry Alliance will drive more than 100 billion yuan of investment; totaling about 580 billion yuan.It is expected that the investment in 5G national networks will gradually reach 1.2 trillion yuan.Liu Duo said that many industries will benefit from the popularity of the Industrial Internet (new infrastructure), and manufacturing is one of the first beneficiaries.”Industrial Internet is an infrastructure, and new formats and new models will emerge in the future.In the future, more and more manufacturing companies will build their own intranets, “she said,” 5G Industrial Internet “will produce more applications in the field of manufacturing.”This year, the Industrial Internet may increase the employment population of 2.55 million; by 2025, 5G may directly drive 3 million jobs, and indirectly drive up to 5.9 million (employees).”Liu Duo believes that the new infrastructure has six aspects of “newness” compared with the traditional infrastructure.First, the scale of infrastructure has increased, including new technologies such as convergence and computing; second, technology transformation and conversion has great impact on integration; third, the continuity of investment has increased; fourth, interconnection and interconnection, agglomeration network effects; fifthThe security requirements are higher, because all are connected to the Internet. As the country’s key infrastructure, the security requirements are higher. Sixth, the talents are new and require cross-border (ability) related talents.Yunyun Zhang: The new infrastructure requires 5G networks to speed up coverage of the CPPCC National Committee members, Zhang Yunyong, general manager of China Unicom Product Center, said that the “new infrastructure” requirements for operators are first to accelerate the coverage of 5G networks, not in the first-tier cities such as Beijing, Guangzhou and ShenzhenIn addition, it will also cover the business districts and key enterprises in more than 300 prefecture-level cities.Zhang Yunyong said that in addition to the network, what is still needed is continuous and interoperable industrial Internet platforms.Therefore, the operator’s talent system also needs to be transformed, from the original pure communication talents to “new engineering talents” who are proficient in communication and OT (operational technology) and informatization.Platform, and understand the application.“新基建的作用第一是投资溢出效应比较高,可以‘一业带百业’,第二个好处是可以拉动人才就业,第三就是能够赋能千行百业,推动行业的供给侧结构性改革To promote breakthrough development.Zhang Yunyong said that going deeper, it can also promote the modernization of national governance capabilities and governance systems.Yunyun Zhang said that the industry opportunities brought by the new 5G infrastructure mainly come from three aspects: large bandwidth, low latency and wide connection. His personal favorite is cloud, VR, cloud games, 4K / 8K high-definition video in the large field, etc.Experience applications, as well as vehicle-road coordination, remote driving, smart driving and other applications in the field of low latency.Zhang Yunyong predicts that China Unicom’s 5G package users will reach about 50 million this year, while the industry-wide users will exceed 100 million.In response to the prediction that some experts will see a rapid decline in 5G package tariffs, Zhang Yunyong expressed different opinions.He pointed out that China’s current 5G package tariff starts at about 129 yuan per month, which is already one of the cheapest standards in the world. There will definitely be some optimization in the future, but it is unlikely to decline rapidly.Zheng Yelai: The combination of the new infrastructure and the traditional economy will cause a chemical reaction. Huawei ‘s vice president and Huawei cloud business president Zheng Yelai said that the “new” of the new infrastructure is in five areas: first, it refers to (will produce) the new worldIn the future, data will become the core asset of the digital world.Second, it refers to new kinetic energy. Huawei is an important participant in 5G, cloud, and AI infrastructure. The combination of 5G, cloud, AI, and the traditional economy will definitely cause chemical reactions, accelerate the flow of data, and drive the development of new economic alternatives.Third, it refers to new factors. In the traditional economic era, land and labor are important production factors. In the digital economy era, data is new production materials, and computing power has become a new growth. 5G, cloud, and AI will become advanced.Representative of production tools.Fourth, new services, cloud, AI, and 5G have previously done everything to improve production efficiency.AI will definitely change the industry’s production structure, bring about industrial transformation and smart upgrades, and new services such as smart manufacturing, smart transportation, smart energy, and smart finance will be widely promoted and expanded.Fifth, it is a new model, medical, education, retail, these industries are transferred from offline to online, from traditional IT to the cloud, the epidemic soon ends, people are used to this new way, thisChanges in this model will profoundly affect people’s behavior, and thus affect all aspects of life.Zheng Yelai said that 5G, cloud, and AI are creating a powerful engine for the entire new infrastructure (world), injecting new kinetic energy into the new infrastructure, and the core of the core is the intelligent upgrade to complete the upgrade for data.He said that cloud is the “black land” provided by Huawei for the society. Huawei used to sell products and sell boxes, but now it is open in the form of services. “Huawei is currently operating in 170 regions around the world.To transform ourselves with digital and intelligent means, these accumulations will be opened to the society, the government, and all walks of life in the form of cloud services in the future. “”Big data, the arrival of artificial intelligence will change all aspects of enterprise production, including logistics, supply chain, research and development.”Zheng Yelai said that facing the future, especially after the arrival of artificial intelligence, taking Huawei as an example, artificial intelligence can provide a total station and full-scenario solution.Huang Yuhong: 300 cities will provide 5G this year. Huang Yuhong, vice president of China Mobile Research Institute, believes that 5G is the aorta of social information flow, the accelerator of industrial upgrading, and the new cornerstone of digital society construction.”5G has a huge impact on employment, industry and economy.China Mobile’s participation in 5G is also very large, and began to do it very early.Huang Yuhong introduced that there are currently more than 240,000 5G base stations nationwide, and China Mobile has built 140,000 5G base stations in China.5G services have been opened in more than 50 cities, and the number of 5G package customers has exceeded 50 million.Huang Yuhong believes that 5G applications are very important for social transformation and upgrading. Applications for individuals and families focus on the six areas of communication services, digital content services, financial technology, Internet of Everything, smart homes, and smart communities.These applications include VR cloud games and video ring tones.Huang Yuhong introduced that the application of high-definition video can be used to enjoy the beauty of VR live travel, have an immersive experience, and can also realize services such as video conferencing, remote education, cloud games, cloud supervision, and remote medical care.For the industry, machine vision, unmanned vehicles and other applications have been built in smart factories, smart transportation, smart steel, smart grids, smart ports and other industries to promote industrial transformation and upgrading.Regarding the future progress of 5G expansion, Huang Yuhong said that according to the construction plan, this year, in all cities above the prefecture level in the country, there will actually be more than 300 cities that will provide 5G services.In addition, there will be more and more 5G terminals this year, and the price will be more and more affordable. There will be more than 1,000 yuan in the second half of the year.Sauna, Yewang promise Chen Weicheng Cheng Zijiao intern Dai Na Yang Yidan editor Xu Chao proofreading Jia Ning